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Create a limit order



makerAssetAddressStringthe address of the asset you want to sell (address of a token contract)
takerAssetAddressStringthe address of the asset you want to buy (address of a token contract)
makerAddressStringan address of the maker (wallet address)
takerAddressString?by default contains a zero address, which means that a limit order is available for everyone to fill. If you set a value, then the limit order will be available for execution only for the specified address (private limit order)
recieverString?by default contains a zero address, which means that taker asset will be sent to the address of the creator of the limit order. If you set a value, then taker asset will be sent to the specified address
makerAmountStringthe number of maker asset tokens that you want to sell (in token units). For example: 5 DAI = 5000000000000000000 units
takerAmountStringthe number of taker asset tokens that you want to receive for selling the maker asset (in token units). For example: 5 DAI = 5000000000000000000 units
predicateString?a predicate call data. Default: 0x. See Predicate docs
permitString?a permit (EIP-2612) call data. Could be built using utility library. Default: 0x
interactionString?a call data for InteractiveNotificationReceiver. See more Interaction receiver docs. Default: 0x


import Web3 from 'web3';import {    LimitOrderBuilder,    Web3ProviderConnector,} from '@1inch/limit-order-protocol';
const contractAddress = '0x7643b8c2457c1f36dc6e3b8f8e112fdf6da7698a';const walletAddress = '0xd337163ef588f2ee7cdd30a3387660019be415c9';const chainId = 1;
const web3 = new Web3('...');// You can create and use a custom provider connector (for example: ethers)const connector = new Web3ProviderConnector(web3);
const limitOrderBuilder = new LimitOrderBuilder(    contractAddress,    chainId,    connector);
// ...
const limitOrder = limitOrderBuilder.buildLimitOrder({    makerAssetAddress: '0xbb4cdb9cbd36b01bd1cbaebf2de08d9173bc095c',    takerAssetAddress: '0x111111111117dc0aa78b770fa6a738034120c302',    makerAddress: '0xfb3c7ebccccAA12B5A884d612393969Adddddddd',    makerAmount: '100',    takerAmount: '200',    predicate: '0x0',    permit: '0x0',    interaction: '0x0',});const limitOrderTypedData = limitOrderBuilder.buildLimitOrderTypedData(    limitOrder);const limitOrderSignature = limitOrderBuilder.buildOrderSignature(    walletAddress,    limitOrderTypedData);const limitOrderHash = limitOrderBuilder.buildLimitOrderHash(    limitOrderTypedData);

As result you will receive a structure of limit order. Example:

{    "salt": "1",    "makerAsset": "0xc02aaa39b223fe8d0a0e5c4f27ead9083c756cc2",    "takerAsset": "0x6b175474e89094c44da98b954eedeac495271d0f",    "maker": "0xfb3c7ebccccAA12B5A884d612393969Adddddddd",    "receiver": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",    "allowedSender": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",    "makingAmount": "100",    "takingAmount": "200",    "makerAssetData": "0x",    "takerAssetData": "0x",    "getMakerAmount": "0xf4a215c300000...0000",    "getTakerAmount": "0x296637bf00000...0000",    "predicate": "0x",    "permit": "0x",    "interaction": "0x"}

Limit order signature#

To fill a limit order, you need a typed data structure signature.
You can create a signature following the example above.

But the example uses Web3ProviderConnector which is designed to work with a wallet.
If you need to get the signature on the server side, you can use the PrivateKeyProviderConnector and get the signature using the private key.

const walletAddress = '0xd337163ef588f2ee7cdd30a3387660019be415c9';
const privateKey =    'd8d1f95deb28949ea0ecc4e9a0decf89e98422c2d76ab6e5f736792a388c56c7';const limitOrderTypedData: EIP712TypedData = {    // ...};
const web3Provider = new Web3('...');const privateKeyProviderConnector = new PrivateKeyProviderConnector(    privateKey,    web3Provider);
const signature = await privateKeyProviderConnector.signTypedData(    walletAddress,    limitOrderTypedData);

Python Example#

To place a limit order in python requires more work since there's no library

In this example we'll place a limit order on ETH mainnet for 100 USDC to 100 USDT

In this example the predicate only uses the timestamp to determine when the order should expire but there are many more functions that can be used for the predicate including and, arbitraryStaticCall, eq, gt, it, or, and nonceEquals. An important note is that the increase nonce function in the limit order contract is how a user can cancel all orders if the nonceEquals function is in the predicate. timestampBelow and nonceEquals checks can be combined with the and function.

from eth_account.messages import encode_structured_datafrom web3 import Web3import requestsimport timew3 = Web3(Web3.HTTPProvider(""))  # you can customize the RPCwallet_key = "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000" # Your wallet private keywallet_address = "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000" # Your wallet addresslimit_order_contract = "0x119c71D3BbAC22029622cbaEc24854d3D32D2828" # the limit order contractETHERSCAN_API_KEY = "yourapikeytoken" # Etherscan API key, this may not be required or should be changed if the ABIs are changed to literals or a different blockchain API is used like or
# create the limit order contract objectlimit_order_contract_abi_response = (requests.get('' + limit_order_contract +'&apikey=' + ETHERSCAN_API_KEY))limit_order_contract_abi = limit_order_contract_abi_response.json()['result']contract = w3.eth.contract(address=limit_order_contract, abi=limit_order_contract_abi)
# wait for 5 second to avoid rate limiting, this can be removed if the API key is specified and not the free api keytime.sleep(5)
# the ERC20 abi is used for getting information from the maker asset and taker asseterc20_abi_response = (requests.get('' + ETHERSCAN_API_KEY)) #DAI ABI since it's ERC20 standarderc20_abi = erc20_abi_response.json()["result"]
# here we define the parameters of the limit ordermakerAddress = Web3.toChecksumAddress(wallet_address)takerAddress = "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000" # if specified only this address can be a takermakerAsset = Web3.toChecksumAddress("0xa0b86991c6218b36c1d19d4a2e9eb0ce3606eb48")takerAsset = Web3.toChecksumAddress("0xdac17f958d2ee523a2206206994597c13d831ec7")makingAmount = "100000000"takingAmount = "100000000"
makerAssetContract = w3.eth.contract(address=makerAsset, abi=erc20_abi)takerAssetContract = w3.eth.contract(address=takerAsset, abi=erc20_abi)
# this is required information for the order to be validmakerAssetData = makerAssetContract.encodeABI(fn_name="transferFrom", args=[makerAddress, takerAddress, int(makingAmount)])takerAssetData = takerAssetContract.encodeABI(fn_name="transferFrom", args=[takerAddress, makerAddress, int(takingAmount)])getMakerAmount = contract.encodeABI(fn_name="getMakerAmount", args=[int(makingAmount), int(takingAmount), 0])getMakerAmount = getMakerAmount[:-64] # [:-64] removes the last parameter to match the javascript library's output for getMakerAmountgetTakerAmount = contract.encodeABI(fn_name="getTakerAmount", args=[int(makingAmount), int(takingAmount), 0])getTakerAmount = getTakerAmount[:-64] # [:-64] removes the last parameter to match the javascript library's output for getTakerAmount
# lets build the predicate# contract encode abi with the timestamp below function and the current time + 180 secondspredicate = contract.encodeABI(fn_name="timestampBelow", args=[w3.eth.getBlock('latest').timestamp + 180])
# lets build the order dataorder_data = {    "makerAsset": makerAsset,    "takerAsset": takerAsset,    "maker": makerAddress,    "allowedSender": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",    "receiver": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",    "makingAmount": makingAmount,    "takingAmount": takingAmount,    "makerAssetData": "0x",    "takerAssetData": "0x",    "getMakerAmount": getMakerAmount,    "getTakerAmount": getTakerAmount,    "predicate": predicate,    "permit": "0x",    "interaction": "0x",    "salt": "1", # random number to make the order unique, please do not leave it as 1}

a limit order can't be signed properly if all the types are strings here we define what each field is and the type it should be

order_types = [    {"name": "salt", "type": "uint256"},    {"name": "makerAsset", "type": "address"},    {"name": "takerAsset", "type": "address"},    {"name": "maker", "type": "address"},    {"name": "receiver", "type": "address"},    {"name": "allowedSender", "type": "address"},    {"name": "makingAmount", "type": "uint256"},    {"name": "takingAmount", "type": "uint256"},    {"name": "makerAssetData", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "takerAssetData", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "getMakerAmount", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "getTakerAmount", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "predicate", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "permit", "type": "bytes"},    {"name": "interaction", "type": "bytes"},]
# this function will fix the order_data to be a typed object instead of only stringsdef fix_data_types(data, types):    """    Order data values are all strings as this is what the API expects. This function fixes their types for    encoding purposes.    """    fixed_data = {}    for dictionary in types:        if "bytes" in dictionary["type"]:            fixed_data[dictionary["name"]] = (Web3.toBytes(hexstr=data[dictionary["name"]]))        elif "int" in dictionary["type"]:            fixed_data[dictionary["name"]] = int(data[dictionary["name"]])        else:            fixed_data[dictionary["name"]] = data[dictionary["name"]]    return fixed_data
# this is a typed data that the private key will be signing, it conforms to the EIP 712 standardeip712_data = {    "primaryType": "Order",    "types": {        "EIP712Domain": [            {"name": "name", "type": "string"},            {"name": "version", "type": "string"},            {"name": "chainId", "type": "uint256"},            {"name": "verifyingContract", "type": "address"},        ],        "Order": order_types    },    "domain": {        "name": "1inch Limit Order Protocol",        "version": "2",        "chainId": 1,        "verifyingContract": "0x119c71D3BbAC22029622cbaEc24854d3D32D2828",    },    "message": fix_data_types(order_data, order_types),}

Finally the private key will be used to sign the encoded data and broadcast to the API

If you are having problems signing please run the following commands: pip install web3 --upgrade; pip install eth-account==0.6.1

encoded_message = encode_structured_data(eip712_data)signed_message = w3.eth.account.sign_message(encoded_message, wallet_key)# this is the limit order that will be broadcast to the limit order APIlimit_order = {    "orderHash": signed_message.messageHash.hex(),    "signature": signed_message.signature.hex(),    "data": order_data,}
limit_order_url = "" # make sure to change the endpoint if you are not using ETH mainnetresponse =,headers={"accept": "application/json, text/plain, */*", "content-type": "application/json"}, json=limit_order)# print the full responseprint(response.text)